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CentOS 9-Stream 软件仓库镜像修改为清华源

工作笔记
2023-07-11 / 0 评论 / 2 点赞 / 692 阅读 / 2,046 字 / 正在检测是否收录...
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CentOS Stream 9 默认启用了包管理工具 dnf,其是 yum 包管理工具的替代品。dnf 与 yum 大部分的命令都是通用的,dnf 也使用 /etc/yum.repos.d/ 进行镜像配置。

CentOS Stream 9 中源被整合入两个文件 centos.repocentos-addons.repo,由于文件中不包含 baseurl 字段,需要手动插入,通过文本替换修改源的方法较为复杂,也可以选择直接复制最后的替换结果覆盖源文件。

文本替换

将下面代码保存为一个文件,例如 update_mirror.pl。

#!/usr/bin/perl

use strict;
use warnings;
use autodie;

my $mirrors = 'https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/centos-stream';

if (@ARGV < 1) {
    die "Usage: $0   ...\n";
}

while (my $filename = shift @ARGV) {
    my $backup_filename = $filename . '.bak';
    rename $filename, $backup_filename;

    open my $input, "<", $backup_filename;
    open my $output, ">", $filename;

    while (<$input>) {
        s/^metalink/# metalink/;

        if (m/^name/) {
            my (undef, $repo, $arch) = split /-/;
            $repo =~ s/^\s+|\s+$//g;
            ($arch = defined $arch ? lc($arch) : '') =~ s/^\s+|\s+$//g;

            if ($repo =~ /^Extras/) {
                $_ .= "baseurl=${mirrors}/SIGs/\$releasever-stream/extras" . ($arch eq 'source' ? "/${arch}/" : "/\$basearch/") . "extras-common\n";
            } else {
                $_ .= "baseurl=${mirrors}/\$releasever-stream/$repo" . ($arch eq 'source' ? "/" : "/\$basearch/") . ($arch ne '' ? "${arch}/tree/" : "os") . "\n";
            }
        }

        print $output $_;
    }
}

然后,在命令行中使用以下命令来执行它:

sudo perl /tmp/update_mirror.pl /etc/yum.repos.d/centos*.repo

注意将 /tmp/update_mirror.pl替换为脚本实际保存的路径。其中的 *通配符,如果只需要替换一些文件中的源,请自行增删。

另外,请确保已经安装了 Perl 解释器,并将 perl 命令添加到系统的 PATH 环境变量中。这样才能在命令行中运行 Perl 脚本。

对于大部分 CentOS Stream 9 镜像,应该已经包含了 Perl 解释器,如果你的镜像没有包含,你可以使用以下命令简单的安装:

# 使用 dnf
sudo dnf install perl

# 使用 yum
sudo yum install perl

最后,更新软件包缓存

# 使用 dnf
sudo dnf clean all && sudo dnf makecache

# 使用 yum
sudo yum clean all && sudo yum makecache

注意,如果需要启用其中一些 repo,需要将其中的 enabled=0 改为 enabled=1。

注:截至 2023-05-16,并未在官方源与镜像源中发现 nfv-source,建议不要开启 nfv-source。

修改结果

你可以对照替换结果是否准确,或直接复制结果覆盖源文件。

centos.repo:

[baseos]
name=CentOS Stream $releasever - BaseOS
baseurl=https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/centos-stream/$releasever-stream/BaseOS/$basearch/os
# metalink=https://mirrors.centos.org/metalink?repo=centos-baseos-$stream&arch=$basearch&protocol=https,http
gpgkey=file:///etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-centosofficial
gpgcheck=1
repo_gpgcheck=0
metadata_expire=6h
countme=1
enabled=1

[baseos-debuginfo]
name=CentOS Stream $releasever - BaseOS - Debug
baseurl=https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/centos-stream/$releasever-stream/BaseOS/$basearch/debug/tree/
# metalink=https://mirrors.centos.org/metalink?repo=centos-baseos-debug-$stream&arch=$basearch&protocol=https,http
gpgkey=file:///etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-centosofficial
gpgcheck=1
repo_gpgcheck=0
metadata_expire=6h
enabled=0

[baseos-source]
name=CentOS Stream $releasever - BaseOS - Source
baseurl=https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/centos-stream/$releasever-stream/BaseOS/source/tree/
# metalink=https://mirrors.centos.org/metalink?repo=centos-baseos-source-$stream&arch=source&protocol=https,http
gpgkey=file:///etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-centosofficial
gpgcheck=1
repo_gpgcheck=0
metadata_expire=6h
enabled=0

[appstream]
name=CentOS Stream $releasever - AppStream
baseurl=https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/centos-stream/$releasever-stream/AppStream/$basearch/os
# metalink=https://mirrors.centos.org/metalink?repo=centos-appstream-$stream&arch=$basearch&protocol=https,http
gpgkey=file:///etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-centosofficial
gpgcheck=1
repo_gpgcheck=0
metadata_expire=6h
countme=1
enabled=1

[appstream-debuginfo]
name=CentOS Stream $releasever - AppStream - Debug
baseurl=https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/centos-stream/$releasever-stream/AppStream/$basearch/debug/tree/
# metalink=https://mirrors.centos.org/metalink?repo=centos-appstream-debug-$stream&arch=$basearch&protocol=https,http
gpgkey=file:///etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-centosofficial
gpgcheck=1
repo_gpgcheck=0
metadata_expire=6h
enabled=0

[appstream-source]
name=CentOS Stream $releasever - AppStream - Source
baseurl=https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/centos-stream/$releasever-stream/AppStream/source/tree/
# metalink=https://mirrors.centos.org/metalink?repo=centos-appstream-source-$stream&arch=source&protocol=https,http
gpgkey=file:///etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-centosofficial
gpgcheck=1
repo_gpgcheck=0
metadata_expire=6h
enabled=0

[crb]
name=CentOS Stream $releasever - CRB
baseurl=https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/centos-stream/$releasever-stream/CRB/$basearch/os
# metalink=https://mirrors.centos.org/metalink?repo=centos-crb-$stream&arch=$basearch&protocol=https,http
gpgkey=file:///etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-centosofficial
gpgcheck=1
repo_gpgcheck=0
metadata_expire=6h
countme=1
enabled=1

[crb-debuginfo]
name=CentOS Stream $releasever - CRB - Debug
baseurl=https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/centos-stream/$releasever-stream/CRB/$basearch/debug/tree/
# metalink=https://mirrors.centos.org/metalink?repo=centos-crb-debug-$stream&arch=$basearch&protocol=https,http
gpgkey=file:///etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-centosofficial
gpgcheck=1
repo_gpgcheck=0
metadata_expire=6h
enabled=0

[crb-source]
name=CentOS Stream $releasever - CRB - Source
baseurl=https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/centos-stream/$releasever-stream/CRB/source/tree/
# metalink=https://mirrors.centos.org/metalink?repo=centos-crb-source-$stream&arch=source&protocol=https,http
gpgkey=file:///etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-centosofficial
gpgcheck=1
repo_gpgcheck=0
metadata_expire=6h
enabled=0

centos-addons.repo:

[highavailability]
name=CentOS Stream $releasever - HighAvailability
baseurl=https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/centos-stream/$releasever-stream/HighAvailability/$basearch/os
# metalink=https://mirrors.centos.org/metalink?repo=centos-highavailability-$stream&arch=$basearch&protocol=https,http
gpgkey=file:///etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-centosofficial
gpgcheck=1
repo_gpgcheck=0
metadata_expire=6h
countme=1
enabled=0

[highavailability-debuginfo]
name=CentOS Stream $releasever - HighAvailability - Debug
baseurl=https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/centos-stream/$releasever-stream/HighAvailability/$basearch/debug/tree/
# metalink=https://mirrors.centos.org/metalink?repo=centos-highavailability-debug-$stream&arch=$basearch&protocol=https,http
gpgkey=file:///etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-centosofficial
gpgcheck=1
repo_gpgcheck=0
metadata_expire=6h
enabled=0

[highavailability-source]
name=CentOS Stream $releasever - HighAvailability - Source
baseurl=https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/centos-stream/$releasever-stream/HighAvailability/source/tree/
# metalink=https://mirrors.centos.org/metalink?repo=centos-highavailability-source-$stream&arch=source&protocol=https,http
gpgkey=file:///etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-centosofficial
gpgcheck=1
repo_gpgcheck=0
metadata_expire=6h
enabled=0

[nfv]
name=CentOS Stream $releasever - NFV
baseurl=https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/centos-stream/$releasever-stream/NFV/$basearch/os
# metalink=https://mirrors.centos.org/metalink?repo=centos-nfv-$stream&arch=$basearch&protocol=https,http
gpgkey=file:///etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-centosofficial
gpgcheck=1
repo_gpgcheck=0
metadata_expire=6h
countme=1
enabled=0

[nfv-debuginfo]
name=CentOS Stream $releasever - NFV - Debug
baseurl=https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/centos-stream/$releasever-stream/NFV/$basearch/debug/tree/
# metalink=https://mirrors.centos.org/metalink?repo=centos-nfv-debug-$stream&arch=$basearch&protocol=https,http
gpgkey=file:///etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-centosofficial
gpgcheck=1
repo_gpgcheck=0
metadata_expire=6h
enabled=0

[nfv-source]
name=CentOS Stream $releasever - NFV - Source
baseurl=https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/centos-stream/$releasever-stream/NFV/source/tree/
# metalink=https://mirrors.centos.org/metalink?repo=centos-nfv-source-$stream&arch=source&protocol=https,http
gpgkey=file:///etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-centosofficial
gpgcheck=1
repo_gpgcheck=0
metadata_expire=6h
enabled=0

[rt]
name=CentOS Stream $releasever - RT
baseurl=https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/centos-stream/$releasever-stream/RT/$basearch/os
# metalink=https://mirrors.centos.org/metalink?repo=centos-rt-$stream&arch=$basearch&protocol=https,http
gpgkey=file:///etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-centosofficial
gpgcheck=1
repo_gpgcheck=0
metadata_expire=6h
countme=1
enabled=0

[rt-debuginfo]
name=CentOS Stream $releasever - RT - Debug
baseurl=https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/centos-stream/$releasever-stream/RT/$basearch/debug/tree/
# metalink=https://mirrors.centos.org/metalink?repo=centos-rt-debug-$stream&arch=$basearch&protocol=https,http
gpgkey=file:///etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-centosofficial
gpgcheck=1
repo_gpgcheck=0
metadata_expire=6h
enabled=0

[rt-source]
name=CentOS Stream $releasever - RT - Source
baseurl=https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/centos-stream/$releasever-stream/RT/source/tree/
# metalink=https://mirrors.centos.org/metalink?repo=centos-rt-source-$stream&arch=source&protocol=https,http
gpgkey=file:///etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-centosofficial
gpgcheck=1
repo_gpgcheck=0
metadata_expire=6h
enabled=0

[resilientstorage]
name=CentOS Stream $releasever - ResilientStorage
baseurl=https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/centos-stream/$releasever-stream/ResilientStorage/$basearch/os
# metalink=https://mirrors.centos.org/metalink?repo=centos-resilientstorage-$stream&arch=$basearch&protocol=https,http
gpgkey=file:///etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-centosofficial
gpgcheck=1
repo_gpgcheck=0
metadata_expire=6h
countme=1
enabled=0

[resilientstorage-debuginfo]
name=CentOS Stream $releasever - ResilientStorage - Debug
baseurl=https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/centos-stream/$releasever-stream/ResilientStorage/$basearch/debug/tree/
# metalink=https://mirrors.centos.org/metalink?repo=centos-resilientstorage-debug-$stream&arch=$basearch&protocol=https,http
gpgkey=file:///etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-centosofficial
gpgcheck=1
repo_gpgcheck=0
metadata_expire=6h
enabled=0

[resilientstorage-source]
name=CentOS Stream $releasever - ResilientStorage - Source
baseurl=https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/centos-stream/$releasever-stream/ResilientStorage/source/tree/
# metalink=https://mirrors.centos.org/metalink?repo=centos-resilientstorage-source-$stream&arch=source&protocol=https,http
gpgkey=file:///etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-centosofficial
gpgcheck=1
repo_gpgcheck=0
metadata_expire=6h
enabled=0

[extras-common]
name=CentOS Stream $releasever - Extras packages
baseurl=https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/centos-stream/SIGs/$releasever-stream/extras/$basearch/extras-common
# metalink=https://mirrors.centos.org/metalink?repo=centos-extras-sig-extras-common-$stream&arch=$basearch&protocol=https,http
gpgkey=file:///etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-SIG-Extras-SHA512
gpgcheck=1
repo_gpgcheck=0
metadata_expire=6h
countme=1
enabled=1

[extras-common-source]
name=CentOS Stream $releasever - Extras packages - Source
baseurl=https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/centos-stream/SIGs/$releasever-stream/extras/source/extras-common
# metalink=https://mirrors.centos.org/metalink?repo=centos-extras-sig-extras-common-source-$stream&arch=source&protocol=https,http
gpgkey=file:///etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-SIG-Extras-SHA512
gpgcheck=1
repo_gpgcheck=0
metadata_expire=6h
enabled=0

原文:https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/help/centos-stream/

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